Although the ill-named Zanjon Pact is not an event to pay tribute to, but it serves to reinforce the criterion that the lack of unity will always lead to failure.
On February 10, 1878, the Spanish government managed to get part of the insurgents of central Cuba to sign the Zanjón Pact, under the orders of the then Captain General of the Island, Arsenio Martínez Campo.
The Spanish government took advantage of the situation that had prevailed in the Mambi ranks since 1877, characterized by regionalism, anarchy and the lack of unity and of a political force to lead that revolution, which had been initiated by Carlos Manuel de Céspedes in 1868 at La Demajagua.
The opportunism of the colonialists had achieved its purpose, and they put an end to the war.
The Zanjón Pact offered a good sum of money to the officers of the Liberation Army, in exchange for the laying down of arms and immediate surrender.
However, that superficial peace did not guarantee the solution to the two crucial problems raised in the Assembly of Guaimaro: the independence of Cuba and the abolition of slavery.
The Zanjon Pact provoked the immediate reaction of those patriots who clearly saw the true character of such an unjust agreement, and many of them were summoned by Antonio Maceo to express to Martinez Campo the irrevocable decision to continue the struggle until achieving the independence of Cuba, and thus the Protest of Baraguá took place on March 15, 1878.
In this way, Antonio Maceo saved the honor of the Cuban revolutionaries.