Juan Almeida y el III Frente Oriental en la Guerra de Liberación en Cuba

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Fidel Castro, in his conception of extending the war of liberation throughout the eastern zone, ordered Commander Juan Almeida Bosque to found the III Frente Oriental Mario Muñoz Monroy (“Mario Muñoz Monroy 3rd Eastern Front”), a mission that the young rebel fulfilled on March 6, 1958 at the site known as Puerto Arturo.

Almeida assumed the leadership of several groups that were rising in that territory and integrated them into his troops. He established the command in La Anita, first and later in La Lata.

The troops of the III Frente Oriental were divided into two groups by commander Almeida, in the face of the threat of the great offensive of the tyranny’s army. One remained operating in its area of action facing the enemy, and the other joined the forces commanded by Fidel to repel the Summer Offensive.

Upon returning to his command, Almeida congratulated the two groups for the successful accomplishment of their missions. During this period, he restructured the civilian organization he had initiated upon his arrival in the area and created all the departments that existed in the Rebel Army: auditing, education, taxes, communications, and others.

The III Frente Oriental and its important actions

The main actions carried out by the III Frente, include the combats of Wilson, Ruedas de Carreta, El Cacao, El Cristo, San Vicente, San Ramón de Guaninao, Dos Palmas, among others. But there are three that had great repercussion, those of El Cobre, which took place on the night of April 10 to 11 in support of the strike, in which they took the city hall, attacked the barracks and occupied material in the mines’ gunpowder storage area, which they blew up at the gates of Santiago de Cuba, which shook that city.

The III Frente played a vital role, because it was at the gates of Santiago de Cuba, and because its troops developed actions of great importance, such as the battles of Guisa and Palma Soriano, which respectively gave beginning and end to the final offensive of the Rebel Army.

With the triumph of the Cuban Revolution, the industriousness of its children has turned this municipality into the largest coffee producer in Cuba, while the built work includes hospitals, maternity homes, medical offices, grandparents’ homes, teaching centers, a university branch, a scientific-agroforestry research station, wifi connection, and recreational and tourist attractions.

On this date, and others related to the Chief of the Front, the inhabitants pay tribute to their heroes and martyrs in the imposing mausoleum erected in Loma la Esperanza (“Hill of Hope”), an elevation near the head town Cruce de los Baños, which at the top houses the tomb that holds the mortal remains of the Commander of the Revolution Juan Almeida Bosque.



Jorge Luis Lora Moran

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