On February 24, 1895, an uprising took place in several points of the geography of Cuba that would give continuity to the wars for the independence of the island, which was under the Spanish colonial yoke.
The Ten Years’ War (1868-1878) initiated by Carlos Manuel de Céspedes had failed, after the shameful Zanjón Pact, which put an end to hostilities, but still without independence. The Fernandina Plan, whose objective was to bring the weapons to Cuba for the uprising, due to a betrayal, was intervened before sailing by US authorities and thus that plan organized during so much time and that had been achieved fundamentally thanks to the contributions of the Cuban emigrants in the United States was frustrated.
In spite of the fact that not all the top leaders agreed, José Martí, the maximum organizer of the new war, decided to maintain the uprising for the planned date with the few resources available.
The order for the uprising arrived in Cuba, received by the patriot Juan Gualberto Gómez, who sent it to the different regional chiefs of the center and east of the country, who took up arms on February 24, 1895.
The need for freedom and independence for Cuba, the desire to put an end to slavery and the atrocities of Spanish colonialism on the island, kept alive the irrevocable decision of the patriots to overcome all obstacles and continue the struggle until victory was achieved.
The audacity of the war strategists Antonio Maceo and Máximo Gómez made it possible to put the whole island in arms by carrying out the Invasion from East to West, defeating the Spanish hordes on their way, and increasing the number of men and supplies.
Cuba lost two mayor leaders
José Martí and Antonio Maceo died in combat, but the struggle continued until the brink of victory.Only a dirty trick by the United States government could prevent the triumph of the insurrection.
Only a dirty trick by the United States government could prevent the triumph of the insurrection. Given the disastrous results for the European metropolis in the Spanish-American War, Spain had no alternative but to sign the Treaty of Paris and lost the Philippines, Puerto Rico and Cuba, colonies that remained under the control of the United States.
The new conflict that had cost so many lives and so many resources was thus frustrated. The life of the island passed from one condemnation to another.
But nothing stopped the desire for freedom, and the subsequent generations of patriots inspired by the inherited example, did not let the fighting spirit fall until the revolutionary triumph of January 1, 1958, with the leadership of Fidel Castro, who made the dream come true.
Neither the adversities of the Special Period, nor the consequences of the U.S. blockade against the island, nor the attempts of soft coups financed by anti-Cuban organizations based in the United States, have been able nor will be able to bring down the Cuban Revolution.
Today’s generations are different but the rebelliousness and fidelity to our ideals of freedom are the same. Homeland or death! We Shall Overcome!