It was September 1945, when a 19 year old young man, named Fidel Castro, enrolled in Law and Social Sciences and Diplomatic Law at the University of Havana, where he immediately joined the student political struggles with outstanding revolutionary work in several progressive and anti-imperialist organizations, for which he was beaten and imprisoned more than once.
From very early on, Fidel showed his internationalist vocation by joining the expeditionary contingent that was organized and trained in Cuba to fight in the Dominican Republic against the dictator Rafael Leonidas Trujillo, an action stopped by the Cuban Navy. By then, the young student was promoted from platoon leader to company commander.
Already in the Cuban People’s Party, also known as the Orthodox Party, led by Eduardo Chibás, he actively engaged in political campaigns to unmask the corruption of Carlos Prío’s government.
After his participation in the expedition against Trujillo, he traveled in 1948 to Venezuela, Panama and Colombia as a student leader, with the objective of organizing a Latin American Congress of Students, which was to be held in the latter country.
In Bogotá he joined a rebellion for the assassination of Colombian leader Jorge Eliécer Gaitán, in which he almost lost his life.
In March 1949, when U.S. Marines offended the monument of Cuba’s National Hero José Martí in Havana, Fidel led a protest in front of the U.S. diplomatic mission.
When Fulgencio Batista‘s coup d’état took place on March 10, 1952, he was among the first to denounce the reactionary and illegitimate character of the de facto regime and to call for its overthrow.
On July 26, 1953, he commanded the assault on the Moncada barracks in Santiago de Cuba and the Bayamo barracks, in an action conceived as a detonator of the armed struggle against the Batista regime.
When it failed, several assailants were taken prisoner, among them Fidel. Even in prison he maintained his role as a leader, and it was consolidated when in the trial, in an act of defense, he made known the plea History will absolve me, which constituted the essence of the future Cuban Revolution.
After the admisty in May 1955, the revolutionary leader founded the 26th of July Movement, and then with a group of compatriots marched to Mexico, from where he left on November 25, 1956 on the Yacht Granma with 82 expeditionaries. He disembarked and began the struggle that would overthrow the tyranny of Fulgencio Batista on January 1, 1959.
Thus arose and matured the revolutionary thought of Fidel Castro, who, given his political stature in Cuba and in the world, wrote glorious pages that gather, on the one hand, the feat of keeping a people faithful to their revolutionary principles and without bending to the attacks of U.S. imperialism for more than 60 years; and on the other hand, the highest manifestation of solidarity with humanity.