The protest of Baraguá led by Antonio Maceo on March 15, 1878, in response to the “Pact” of Zanjón, constituted the prelude to the continuity of the wars for the independence of Cuba, and that is how the uprising of February 24, 1895 took place, in several points of the geography of the island to resume the struggle against Spanish colonialism.
José Martí, after creating the Cuban Revolutionary Party, uniting the Cubans in exile, guaranteeing and organizing the indispensable necessary aspects to carry out the new struggle, and in spite of the failure of La Fernandina Plan, gave Juan Gualberto Gómez the order for the uprising, and ordered the return of the highest leaders: Antonio Maceo, Flor Crombet, José Maceo, Máximo Gómez and Martí himself.
The good Cubans returned to the manigua endowed with an integral conception, elaborated by Martí, which had as a fundamental principle the unity of the patriots around their only Cuban Revolutionary Party.
The Independence War went despite Marti’s death
Still in the dawn of the new conflict, José Martí fell in combat in Dos Ríos, but the struggle did not stop, Máximo Gomez and Antonio Maceo managed to take the warlike actions to the west of Cuba, the whole island was already up in arms.
However, the United States government thwarted the imminent victory of the Cubans over the Spaniards.It provoked the explosion of the ship El Maine, anchored in the Port of Havana, using this fact as a pretext to intervene in the war with the intention of “helping” the Mambises in their purpose of throwing off the Spanish yoke.
Actually, Spain was forced to sign the Paris Treaty, which placed Cuba under the command of the United States. Cuba’s independence was cut short…