The invasion and defeat
On April 17, the mercenaries, financed and trained by the US government invaded the Bay of Pigs. They soon came across members of the Militias and asked the locals to surrender, however the answer was “Homeland or Death!
The invading troops, using amphibian tactics similar to those of the U.S. Army, was dubbed Brigade 2506 and it was equipped with automatic weapons, armored vehicles, and about 30 warplanes.
The CIA decided the military invasion should begin in a beach strip in the Zapata Swamp, located south of the western region of Matanzas, barely inhabited and with few access routes.
However they did not succeed. Why the failure? Why didn’t the plans come out as planned? Why didn’t they form the beachhead to ask the U.S. government for help, as it was thought?
First, let’s look at the social composition of the invading Brigade. One hundred large landowners, twenty-four large landowners, sixty-seven homeowners, one hundred and twelve large merchants, one hundred and ninety-four ex-military members of Fulgencio Batista‘s tyranny, among them thirteen war criminals, and thirty-seven industrial magnates came.
On the other hand, the response of the people in the invaded area surprised the invaders, as well as the organization of militias to respond to the attack. Cuba’s air force had not been completely annihilated, so they did not expect the decisive air counter attacks.
The invaders of Bay of Pigs defeated
The invading forces were defeated in spite of the weapons supplied by the American government, the nepal bombs, with which they caused so much damage to the militiamen and neighbors of the area, the air support that caused important casualties to the militias.
They never imagine the courage and moral strength of a people that defended a revolution which had begun on October 10, 1868, and that cost so many lives and suffering until the triumph of January 1, 1959, under the leadership of Fidel Castro.
The military operation had the aim of securing the zone and establishing a dissident government that would later call for U.S. full military support. It was named Operation Pluto by the Pentagon and the CIA.
The invasion began on the early morning of April 17, 1961, in Playa Larga and Playa Giron, in the Bay of Pigs. The troops traveled from Puerto Cabezas, Nicaragua, in five merchant ships, two Landing Craft Infantry (LCI) warships, three LCI boats carrying heavy equipment, and four Landing Craft, Vehicle, Personnel (LCVP) ships.
After three days of fierce combats, the forces led by Fidel Castro defeated the invaders and freed Playa Giron on April 19. The CIA-backed invasion didn’t last more than 72 hours. The invading forces lost 88 members and 1,197 others were taken as prisoners. On the Cuban side.
This way the first defeat of US imperialism in Latin America took place. Again David against Goliah.