Havana, Mar 17 (ACN) COVID-19 disease caused by the new coronavirus has affected more than 100 countries around the world, and although the peak has fallen where the pandemic broke out: China, the core has now shifted to other nations seeking to address the problem.
The World Health Organization urged that China’s efforts to contain the virus be followed and that lessons be learned from the positive experiences around the world after nearly four months of illness.
The Lancet’s mathematical model suggests that 80 percent of contacts would have to be identified in order to contain an epidemic that starts with 20 cases of VOC-19 over a three-month period.
However, according to the WHO, this containment of COVID-19 will be insufficient in light of the existence of pre-symptomatic transmission and a relatively extended period of infectivity.
The Organization therefore urged countries to detect and isolate cases, identify contacts and quarantine them, while slowing the spread of the virus in the community.
In the case of VIDOC-19, measures, if taken in time, will help flatten the epidemic curve and prevent health services from being overwhelmed.
Measures that could be taken at the government level include: imposing quarantine on potentially exposed people, banning mass gatherings of people, closing workplaces where cases have been detected, recommending social distancing especially for vulnerable groups – the elderly and people with chronic diseases – isolation of homes and eventually of towns or cities with a high number of infections, as Italy is currently doing.
Individual behaviour is key to implementing social distancing measures, which include voluntary quarantine and isolation, avoidance of travel, keeping at least one – and ideally two-metres away from sick people, hand hygiene, and covering your mouth when you sneeze and cough.
The world’s health authorities recall that these individual measures are as or more important than government-imposed measures.
Based on the evidence generated on the impact of early measures taken in China and South Korea, and in view of the current epidemiological context in Spain and Italy, it has been said that consideration should be given to the suspension or postponement of acts involving the congregation of large numbers of people.
It would also be necessary to evaluate, as far as possible, non-presential working days by seeking alternatives such as teleworking, non-presential meetings, and work and schedule flexibility to avoid peak hours on public transport and facilitate family logistics.
In addition, WHO suggests limiting or avoiding visits to nursing homes and hospitals as much as possible, particularly by people with symptoms of the disease, and in justified cases, considering the isolation of locations where there may be high transmission.
Finally, they ask that hygiene measures such as hand washing and the use of hand sanitizing gel in public and private places should never be overlooked.
These measures to address VIDOC-19 should be applied with determination and proportionality, and should be dynamically adjusted to the epidemiological situation of each location.
(Taken from ACN)