Cuba, after having left behind the injustices and terrible atrocities of oppressive regimes, and finally seeing the fruit of almost 100 years of battles for freedom, achieved its definitive sovereignty and independence, under the sure and steadfast guidance of Fidel Castro.
The triumph of the Cuban rebel forces on January 1, 1959, commanded by Fidel Castro, sounded as a trigger in Latin America and other parts of the world. This victory greatly influenced the international revolutionary movement by demonstrating to the oppressed masses that overthrowing tyrannies through armed struggle was possible.
The nascent revolution put internationalism into practice from its beginnings, whose first step was the presence of Ernesto Che Guevara in the Congo (April-November 1965), sent by Fidel Castro to contribute to the development of the guerrilla movement in that African nation.
Since 1961, the Commander in Chief of the Cuban Revolution established relations with the Algerian patriots of the Algerian National Liberation Front, and in January 1962 he sent them a thousand and a half weapons on the Cuban ship ¨Bahía de Nipe¨ to support the struggle of the Algerian people for their independence.
On May 24, 1963, the first Cuban medical brigade arrived in the Algerian nation, composed of 58 people, including 32 doctors, 4 stomatologists, 14 nurses and 8 technicians.
The greatest proof of solidarity of those times was the sending of experienced Cuban military men together with Ernesto Che Guevara to Bolivia, who, although they did not triumph because they did not find the expected support, wrote an important and immortal passage of the fight against evils that even nowadays suffer many Latin American countries.
Fidel Castro unconditionally supported the struggles against dictatorships in Latin American nations such as Somoza in Nicaragua, Trujillo in the Dominican Republic, and Stroessner in Paraguay.
Fidel Castro and Angola
At the request of Angolan president Aghostino Neto, Fidel Castro sent him military aid to prevent the capture of Luanda by South African forces, and subsequently guarantee the withdrawal of the enemy, with which the African nation would obtain its definitive independence.
This military collaboration constituted the highest expression of solidarity of the Cuban people with any country, and of the greatest political scope. The presence of the Cubans in Angola led to the independence of Angola and Namibia, on the one hand; and the end of the segregationist Apartheid regime, after the agreement with the United States, on the other.
The Battle of Cuito Cuanavale, which defined the end of the war, was commanded by Fidel Castro from Havana, demonstrating his skills as a great military strategist, and his decision to defeat the enemy of the Angolan people at any cost.
(To be continued)