Havana, May 13 (RHC) Just on the day that Bruno Rodríguez Parrilla, Cuba’s Minister of Foreign Affairs, questioned the United States government for its complicit silence in the face of the terrorist attack on the Cuban Embassy in that nation, the U.S. government included Cuba on the list of countries that do not cooperate with anti-terrorist efforts.
The State Department notified the U.S. Congress on May 12 that Iran, North Korea, Syria, Venezuela and Cuba were certified under Section 40A (a) of the Arms Export Control Act as “not fully cooperating” with U.S. anti-terrorism efforts in 2019.
The island had belonged to this unilateral list for 33 years until 2015, after the governments of Raul Castro and Barack Obama re-established diplomatic relations and the return to this occurred after several recent threats.
In an interview with EFE in early 2019, White House Latin America chief Mauricio Claver-Carone said that the possibility of including Cuba on the list was being reviewed, not only because of its actions in Venezuela, but also because of its support for groups such as the ELN and alleged attacks on U.S. and Canadian diplomats.
However, at no time did this new inclusion by the State Department mention the forceful denunciation of Bruno Rodríguez Parrilla, or the anti-terrorist attitude shown by Cuba during the years of the Revolution.
In a verbal note dated November 24, 2014, addressed to the Secretary General by the Permanent Mission of Cuba to the United Nations, the government of the island reaffirmed its position of principle of rejection and condemnation of all acts, methods and practices of terrorism in all its forms and manifestations by anyone, against anyone, and wherever they are committed, whatever their motivations, including those in which States are directly or indirectly involved.
The document refers to the fact that Cuba is a party to 16 international conventions relating to terrorism, pursuant to which it has put into effect a set of laws, measures and actions to combat international terrorism.
In addition, the Note recalls that Cuba has been the target of numerous terrorist attacks, and this was reaffirmed by the Director for the United States of the Cuban Foreign Ministry, Carlos Fernández de Cossío, in his official Twitter account when he said: “Cuba is a victim of terrorism. There is a long history of terrorist acts committed by the US Government against Cuba”, in response to the inclusion of our country in the list.
In 1999, the people of Cuba filed a lawsuit against the Government of the United States of America for human and economic damages caused by terrorist acts and actions, and from the process developed, it was determined that the American nation was trying to overthrow the political order of the Island and for that purpose provided resources to terrorist organizations that developed violent actions against the Caribbean country.
Numerous sabotages and other acts of terrorism have taken place during the years of the Revolution, both within the national space and in Cuban embassies and consulates abroad, while Cuba has claimed for inhumane acts that occurred in the Guantanamo Naval Base, Cuban territory unduly occupied by the United States.
Another noteworthy fact is Cuba’s position with regard to the resolutions adopted within the framework of the United Nations on the subject of international terrorism, since in the fall of 1972, when the United Nations General Assembly and the Sixth Committee took up again the analysis of the subject of international terrorism, Cuba has supported all the resolutions adopted under this subject.
The note verbale of 2014 emphasizes that, following up on resolution 49/60 of 9 December 1994, by which the “Declaration on Measures to Eliminate International Terrorism” was proclaimed on 17 December 1996, Cuba unequivocally supported resolution 51/210, by which the General Assembly established an ad hoc committee with a mandate to “…examine the scope of the existing international legal provisions on the question, in order to ensure that there is a comprehensive legal framework covering all aspects of the question”.
From 1996 to date, Cuba has supported all the successive resolutions submitted on the subject by the Sixth Committee to the General Assembly, including resolutions 52/165 and 54/109, which adopted the International Convention for the Suppression of Terrorist Bombings and the International Convention for the Suppression of the Financing of International Terrorism, respectively.
In addition, Cuba has actively participated in all the meetings of the Committee on Terrorism of the Sixth Committee of the UN General Assembly and has made numerous statements in the discussions regarding the preparation and approval of the resolution entitled “Measures to eliminate international terrorism”.
Likewise, the Island maintains a high profile on the subject of international cooperation in the fight against mercenarism, based on the undeniable and close relationship that exists between these practices and terrorism.
For several years, the Caribbean nation has been a party to cooperation agreements with other States or agencies of other States, to prevent the preparation or execution of terrorist acts and actions, while it has signed agreements with Mexico, Canada, the United States, but also with 28 other countries at different times, in order to join in the prevention of transnational crimes of this type.
Now that our country has returned to the list, it will be banned from selling or licensing the export of defense articles and services and the United States public and international community will be notified that the country is not cooperating fully with United States counter-terrorism efforts.
Many of the sanctions are already being applied to our country as a result of the blockade, but the inclusion on the list will make these sanctions more severe, because now there will be further international refusals to negotiate with Cuba.
The reinstatement on the list will have a negative impact on bilateral relations already weakened by the hostility of the U.S. government, since removing it was one of Havana’s demands in 2014 to re-establish ties with Washington. This measure cannot be disconnected from the terrorist attack on the Cuban embassy in Washington and is in line with the current US administration’s interest in building a wall of silence around the event.
(Taken from ACN)