The struggle for the freedom of Cuba throughout almost a century cost thousands of human lives. Today the grateful Cuban people remember and honor the fallen for what we have today and which they did not see. On March 13, 1958, in an unsuccessful attempt to execute the tyrant Fulgencio Batista, they sacrificed their valuable lives in a constant struggle to achieve for their country well-being, dignity, decorum, emancipation and equal rights for all.
That day, José Antonio Echeverría decided to carry out an attack with a group of his organization, the Revolutionary Directorate, on the Presidential Palace in Havana, at the same time that the Rebel Army was approaching the capital. They took over Radio Rebelde as planned, but the dictator Batista was not in his burrow at the time, and the execution failed, and instead there was a fierce fight between the assailants and the government’s police forces.
José Antonio Echeverría was brutally murdered that same day. The whole nation suffered this sensitive loss, due to the popular roots that the student leader had. He was also a source of inspiration to continue the struggle, and the forces of Camilo Cienfuego and Ernesto Che Guevara, who had reached the central region of Cuba, managed to get to Havana, wiping out all of Batista’s forces in their path.
As the only way to escape from justice, Fulgencio Batista fled in the early morning of December 31, 1959, thus consummating the victory of the Rebel Army commanded by Fidel Castro Ruz, on January 1st, 1959.