The latest UN world report on drugs is not encouraging. Drug production has grown by 50 percent, while the number of drug-related deaths has increased, with 585,000 deaths caused by drugs in 2017.The latest UN world report on drugs is not encouraging. Drug production has grown by 50 percent, while the number of drug-related deaths has increased
The document highlights the increase in the number of users, represented by 5.5% of the world’s population between 15 and 64 years of age, or about 271 million people, 30 percent more than in 2009.
In the midst of this panorama, Cuba gives priority to the fight against drug trafficking, a phenomenon from which the island does not escape given its geographical position, which places it on one of the main routes between the producing countries and the first consumer in the world: the United States.
The development of tourism and the diversification of commercial relations also brings with it attempts to introduce narcotics, destined for the internal market or as a transit route to other nations.
From January to May this year, the Greatest of the Antilles experienced a slight increase in drug trafficking cases, when 12 incidents were detected in which attempts were made to breach the border, three more than in the same period in 2018.
For this reason, the General Customs Office of the Republic spares no effort to preserve national security. Nelson Cordovés, head of that agency, stated that the Zero Tolerance policy is not a slogan, and that this entity gives special importance in the preparation of the personnel to face the trafficking of this and other illicit products at the border, in all its categories and forms.
The Cuban Foreign Minister, Bruno Rodriguez, has emphasized that the results of our country in the prevention and confrontation of drug trafficking and money laundering, and in the international cooperation to confront this scourge show the political will of the Cuban State.
Cuba has signed cooperation agreements in the fight against the illicit trafficking of drugs and psychotropic substances with more than 30 countries and has legal aid agreements with nearly 50 states.
Similarly, the Border Troop Command has a sustained exchange of real-time information with anti-drug services in the area, and conducts investigations to ensure the necessary elements of evidence and to request, through operational cooperation, the extradition and criminal prosecution of Cubans living abroad who promote such operations, so that they do not go unpunished.
The nation is also part of the Coordination and Cooperation Mechanism on Drugs between the European Union and Latin America and the Caribbean.
At the domestic level, the Cuban authorities apply a comprehensive concept, since it subscribes to criminal law. They also carry out prevention activities in neighborhoods, workplaces and educational centers in order to alert the entire population, especially young people, who are the main victims of this scourge.
The strategy to prevent and deal comprehensively with drug trafficking in Cuba has ensured that this phenomenon does not constitute a threat to the country’s security or a public health problem.
Various international organizations have recognized Cuba’s commitment to achieving a drug-free society as a vital element in achieving sustainable development and the welfare of our people.