On March 15, 1878, General Antonio Maceo and a group of compatriots from the east of the island staged the Baraguá Protest, one of the most glorious pages in Cuban history, by making it clear that, despite the Zanjón Pact on the part of the central region to lay down their arms, there was another group of Cubans willing to continue the struggle for Cuba’s independence.
Important Cuban political and military leaders from the central region of Cuba signed the Zanjon Pact on February 10, 1878, in accordance with the proposal of Spanish General Arsenio Martinez Campo, with which a small group of chiefs and officers did not agree, since independence and the abolition of slavery were not guaranteed.
Antonio Maceo meets Martínez Campos, and the aforementioned protest takes place in Magos de Baraguá, in the former province of Oriente. Since the two parties did not agree, it was only a matter of time to resume the armed struggle.
This period of apparent calm was taken advantage of by the revolutionaries to reorganize. José Martí created the Cuban Revolutionary Party (PRC), uniting Cubans in exile in the imperative task of raising funds for the necessary war.
On February 24, 1895, the Mambises restarted the armed struggle against Spanish colonialism. About a month later, the main leaders return to the Homeland: José Martí, Máximo Gómez and Antonio Maceo.
The Baraguá Protest was the maximum expression of freedom and independence of a people that lived under the colonial yoke, without decoration or dignity; subjugated and exploited, suffering the hardships of eviction, hunger and misery.